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Homework answers / question archive / American University of Sharjah  PHYSICS 102 Chapter 10 Multiple Choice 1)A radian is about: 25 37 45 57 90 2
American University of Sharjah  PHYSICS 102
Chapter 10
Multiple Choice
1)A radian is about:
2. One revolution is the same as:
3. One revolution per minute is about:
4. If a wheel turns with constant angular speed then:
5. Onedimensional linear position is measured along a line, from a point designated x = 0. Onedimensional angular position:
6. An object rotates from θ_{1} to θ_{2} through an angle that is less than 2π radians. Which of the following represents its angular displacement?
7. If a wheel is turning at 3.0 rad/s, the time it takes to complete one revolution is about: A) 0.33 s
8. If a wheel turning at a constant rate completes 100 revolutions in 10 s its angular speed is: A) 0.31 rad/s
9. The angular speed of the second hand of a watch is:
10. The angular speed of the minute hand of a watch is:
11. A child, riding on a large merrygoround, travels a distance of 3000 m in a circle of diameter 40 m. The total angle through which she revolves is:
12. Ten seconds after an electric fan is turned on, the fan rotates at 300 rev/min. Its average angular acceleration is:
13 . A flywheel rotating at 12 rev/s is brought to rest in 6 s. The magnitude of the average angular acceleration of the wheel during this process is:
14. A phonograph turntable, initially rotating at 0.75 rev/s, slows down and stops in 30 s. The magnitude of its average angular acceleration for this process is:
15. If the angular velocity vector of a spinning body points out of the page then, when viewed from above the page, the body is spinning:
16. The angular velocity vector of a spinning body points out of the page. If the angular acceleration vector points into the page then:
17. The angular velocity of a rotating wheel increases 2 rev/s every minute. The angular acceleration of this wheel is:
18 . A wheel initially has an angular velocity of 18 rad/s. It has a constant angular acceleration of 2.0 rad/s^{2 }and is slowing at first. What time elapses before its angular velocity is18 rad/s in the direction opposite to its initial angular velocity?
19. A wheel initially has an angular velocity of 36 rad/s but after 6.0s its angular velocity is 24 rad/s. If its angular acceleration is constant the value is:
20 . A wheel initially has an angular velocity of –36 rad/s but after 6.0 s its angular velocity is – 24 rad/s. If its angular acceleration is constant the value is:
21 . The fan shown has been turned on and is slowing as it rotates clockwise. The direction of the acceleration of the point X on the fan tip could be:
A)
B)
C)
22. An object rotates from θ_{1} to θ_{2} through an angle that is less than π radians. Which of the following results in a positive angular displacement?
23. The coordinate of an object is given as a function of time by θ = 7t – 3t^{2}, where θ is in radians and t is in seconds. Its average velocity over the interval from t = 0 to t = 2 s is: A) 5 rad/s
24. The coordinate of an object is given as a function of time by θ = 7t – 3t^{2}, where θ is in radians and t is in seconds. Its angular velocity at t = 3 s is:
25. This graph shows the angular position of an object as a function of time. What is its average angular velocity between t = 5 s and t = 9 s?
26. This graph shows the angular position of an object as a function of time. What is its instantaneous angular velocity at t = 1.5 s?
27 . Instantaneous angular speed is :
28. The angular velocity of a rotating turntable is given in rad/s by ω(t) = 4.5 + 0.64t – 2.7t^{2}. What is its angular acceleration at t = 2.0 s?
29. The angular velocity of a rotating turntable is given in rad/s by ω(t) = 4.5 + 0.64t – 2.7t^{2}. What is its average angular acceleration between t = 1.0 s and t = 3.0 s?
30 . This graph shows the angular velocity of a turntable as a function of time. What is its angular acceleration at t = 3.5 s?
31 . This graph shows the angular velocity of a turntable as a function of time. What is its average angular acceleration between t = 2 s and t = 4 s?
32. A wheel starts from rest and has an angular acceleration that is given by ??(t) = (6.0 rad/s^{4})t^{2. }
After it has turned through 10 rev its angular velocity is:
33. A wheel is spinning at 27 rad/s but is slowing with an angular acceleration that has a magnitude given by (3.0 rad/s^{4})t^{2.} It stops in a time of:
34. A wheel starts from rest and has an angular acceleration that is given by ??(t) = 6 rad/s^{4})t^{2. }
The angle through which it turns in time t is given by:
35. A wheel starts from rest and has an angular acceleration that is given by ??(t) = (6.0 rad/s^{4})t^{2}.
The time it takes to make 10 rev is:
36. A flywheel is initially rotating at 20 rad/s and has a constant angular acceleration. After 9.0 s it has rotated through 450 rad. Its angular acceleration is:
37. A wheel rotates with a constant angular acceleration of rad/s^{2}. During a certain time interval_{ }its angular displacement is rad. At the end of the interval its angular velocity is 2 rad/s. Its angular velocity at the beginning of the interval is:
38. A wheel initially has an angular velocity of 18 rad/s but it is slowing at a rate of 2.0 rad/s^{2}. By the time it stops it will have turned through:
39. A wheel starts from rest and has an angular acceleration of 4.0 rad/s^{2}. When it has made 10 rev its angular velocity is:
40. A wheel starts from rest and has an angular acceleration of 4.0 rad/s^{2}. The time it takes to make 10 revolutions is:
41. A wheel of diameter 3.0 cm has a 4.0 m cord wrapped around its periphery. Starting from rest, the wheel is given a constant angular acceleration of 2 rad/s^{2}. The cord will unwind in: A) 0.82 s
42. The figure shows a cylinder of radius 0.7 m rotating about its axis at 10 rad/s. The speed of the point P is:
43. A particle moves in a circular path of radius 0.10 m with a constant angular speed of 5 rev/s. The acceleration of the particle is:
44. A car travels north at constant velocity. It goes over a piece of mud which sticks to the tire. The initial acceleration of the mud, as it leaves the ground, is:
45. Wrapping paper is being unwrapped from a 5.0cm radius tube, free to rotate on its axis. If it is pulled at the constant rate of 10 cm/s and does not slip on the tube, the angular velocity of the tube is: A) 2.0 rad/s
46. String is wrapped around the periphery of a 5.0cm radius cylinder, free to rotate on its axis. The string is pulled straight out at a constant rate of 10 cm/s and does not slip on the cylinder. As each small segment of string leaves the cylinder, the segment’s acceleration changes by: A) 0 m/s^{2}
47. A flywheel of diameter 1.2 m has a constant angular acceleration of 5.0 rad/s^{2}. The tangential acceleration of a point on its rim is:
48. For a wheel spinning with constant angular acceleration on an axis through its center, the ratio of the speed of a point on the rim to the speed of a point halfway between the center and the rim is: A) 1
49. For a wheel spinning on an axis through its center, the ratio of the tangential acceleration of a point on the rim to the tangential acceleration of a point halfway between the center and the rim is: A) 1
50. For a wheel spinning on an axis through its center, the ratio of the radial acceleration of a point on the rim to the radial acceleration of a point halfway between the center and the rim is: A) 1
51. Two wheels are identical but wheel B is spinning with twice the angular speed of wheel A. The ratio of the magnitude of the radial acceleration of a point on the rim of B to the magnitude of the radial acceleration of a point on the rim of A is:
52. The magnitude of the acceleration of a point on a spinning wheel is increased by a factor of
4 if:
53. A wheel starts from rest and spins with a constant angular acceleration. As time goes on the acceleration vector for a point on the rim:
54. Three identical balls are tied by light strings to the same rod and rotate around it, as shown below. Rank the balls according to their rotational inertia, least to greatest.
55. Four identical particles, each with mass m, are arranged in the x, y plane as shown. They are connected by light sticks to form a rigid body. If m = 2.0 kg and a = 1.0 m, the rotational inertia of this array about the y axis is :
56. Three balls, with masses of 3M, 2M, and M, are fastened to a massless rod of length L as shown. The rotational inertia about the left end of the rod is:
57. A pulley with a radius of 3.0 cm and a rotational inertia of 4.5 ? 10^{–3} kg?m^{2} is suspended from the ceiling. A rope passes over it with a 2.0kg block attached to one end and a 4.0kg block attached to the other. The rope does not slip on the pulley. When the velocity of the heavier block is 2.0 m/s the total kinetic energy of the pulley and blocks is:
58. A pulley with a radius of 3.0 cm and a rotational inertia of 4.5 ? 10^{–3} kg?m^{2} is suspended from the ceiling. A rope passes over it with a 2.0kg block attached to one end and a 4.0kg block attached to the other. The rope does not slip on the pulley. At any instant after the blocks start moving the object with the greatest kinetic energy is:
59. The rotational inertia of a thin cylindrical shell of mass M, radius R, and length L about its central axis (X  X') is:
60. The rotational inertia of a wheel about its axle does not depend upon its:
61. Consider four objects, each having the same mass and the same radius:
The order of increasing rotational inertia about an axis through the center of mass and parallel to the z axis is: A) 1, 2, 3, 4
62. A and B are two solid cylinders made of aluminum. Their dimensions are shown. The ratio of the rotational inertia of B to that of A about the common axis X?X' is:
63. Two uniform circular disks having the same mass and the same thickness are made from different materials. The disk with the smaller rotational inertia is:
64. A uniform solid cylinder made of lead has the same mass and the same length as a uniform solid cylinder made of wood. The rotational inertia of the lead cylinder compared to the wooden one is: A) greater
65. To increase the rotational inertia of a solid disk about its axis without changing its mass:
66. The rotational inertia of a disk about its axis is 0.70 kg?m^{2}. When a 2.0 kg weight is added to its rim, 0.40 m from the axis, the rotational inertia becomes:
67. A thin rod of length L has a density that increases along its length, ρ = ρ_{0}x. What is the rotational inertia of the rod around its less dense end?
68. When a thin uniform stick of mass M and length L is pivoted about its midpoint, its rotational inertia is ML^{2}/12. When pivoted about a parallel axis through one end, its rotational inertia is: A) ML^{2}/12
69. The rotational inertia of a solid uniform sphere about a diameter is (2/5)MR^{2}, where M is its mass and R is its radius. If the sphere is pivoted about an axis that is tangent to its surface, its rotational inertia is:
70. A solid uniform sphere of radius R and mass M has a rotational inertia about a diameter that is given by (2/5)MR^{2}. A light string of length 2.5 R is attached to the surface and used to suspend the sphere from the ceiling. Its rotational inertia about the point of attachment at the ceiling is: A) (2/5)MR^{2}
71. A torque of 470 N?m acts on a flywheel. At the instant that the flywheel’s angular speed is 56 rad/s, at what rate is work being done by the torque?
F r
72 . A force with a given magnitude is to be applied to a wheel. The torque can be maximized by :
73. The meter stick shown below rotates about an axis through the point marked ?, 20 cm from one end. Five forces act on the stick: one at each end, one at the pivot point, and two 40 cm from one end, as shown. The magnitudes of the forces are all the same. Rank the forces according to the magnitudes of the torques they produce about the pivot point, least to greatest.
A) ? F1 , ?F2 , ?F3 , ?F4 , ?F5
B) 
? F_{1} 
and 
?F_{2} 
tie, then 
?F_{3} 
? , ^{F}^{4 }, 
?F_{5} 
C) 
? F_{2} 
and 
?F_{5} 
tie, then 
?F_{4} 
? , ^{F}^{1 }, 
?F_{3} 

? 
? 

? 
? 

? 
74. A disk is free to rotate on a fixed axis. A force of given magnitude F, in the plane of the disk, is to be applied. Of the following alternatives the greatest angular acceleration is obtained if the force is:
75. A force is applied to a billiard ball. In order to calculate the torque created by the force, you also need to know: A) the mass of the ball
A) 
? F_{1} 
only 


B) 
? F_{3} 
? and ^{F}^{4} 


C) 
? F_{5} 
only 


D) 
? F_{2} 
? , F3,?F4 
and 
?F_{5} 
? ^{F}^{3} only
E)
78 . A meter stick on a horizontal frictionless table top is pivoted at the 80cm mark. A horizontal
? ^{F}^{1} is applied perpendicularly to the end of the stick at 0 cm, as shown. A second
force
? ^{F}^{2} (not shown) is applied at the 100cm end of the stick. If the stick does not horizontal force rotate:
D) 
F_{2}>F_{1} 
for some orientations of 
F_{2} 
and 
F_{2}<F_{1} 
for others 
E) 
?F2>?F1 
for some orientations of 
?F_{2} 
and 
?F2=?F1 
for others 
^{?}^{ }^{?}^{ }^{?}^{ }^{?}^{ }^{?}
79. ? = I??for an object rotating about a fixed axis, where ? is the net torque acting on it, I is its rotational inertia, and ??is its angular acceleration. This expression:
80. A uniform disk, a thin hoop, and a uniform solid sphere, all with the same mass and same outer radius, are each free to rotate about a fixed axis through its center. Assume the hoop is connected to the rotation axis by light spokes. With the objects starting from rest, identical forces are simultaneously applied to the rims, as shown. Rank the objects according to their angular velocities after a given time t, least to greatest.
81. A cylinder is 0.10 m in radius and 0.20 m in length. Its rotational inertia, about the cylinder axis on which it is mounted, is 0.020 kg ? m^{2}. A string is wound around the cylinder and pulled with a force of 1.0 N. The angular acceleration of the cylinder is:
82. A disk with a rotational inertia of 2.0 kg?m^{2} and a radius of 0.40 m rotates on a frictionless fixed axis perpendicular to the disk faces and through its center. A force of 5.0 N is applied tangentially to the rim. The angular acceleration of the disk is:
83. A disk with a rotational inertia of 5.0 kg?m^{2} and a radius of 0.25 m rotates on a frictionless fixed axis perpendicular to the disk and through its center. A force of 8.0 N is applied along the rotation axis. The angular acceleration of the disk is:
84. A disk with a rotational inertia of 5.0 kg ? m^{2} and a radius of 0.25 m rotates on a frictionless fixed axis perpendicular to the disk and through its center. A force of 8.0 N is applied tangentially to the rim. If the disk starts at rest, then after it has turned through half a revolution its angular velocity is:
85. A thin circular hoop of mass 1.0 kg and radius 2.0 m is rotating about an axis through its center and perpendicular to its plane. It is slowing down at the rate of 7.0 rad/s^{2}. The net torque acting on it is:
86. A certain wheel has a rotational inertia of 12 kg?m^{2}. As it turns through 5.0 rev its angular velocity increases from 5.0 rad/s to 6.0 rad/s. If the net torque is constant its value is:
87. An 8.0cm radius disk with a rotational inertia of 0.12 kg?m^{2} is free to rotate on a horizontal axis. A string is fastened to the surface of the disk and a 10kg mass hangs from the other end. The mass is raised by using a crank to apply a 9.0N?m torque to the disk. The acceleration of the mass is: A) 0.50 m/s^{2}
88. A 16 kg block is attached to a cord that is wrapped around the rim of a flywheel of diameter 0.40 m and hangs vertically, as shown. The rotational inertia of the flywheel is 0.50 kg?m^{2}. When the block is released and the cord unwinds, the acceleration of the block is:
89. A 0.70kg disk with a rotational inertia given by MR^{2}/2 is free to rotate on a fixed horizontal axis suspended from the ceiling. A string is wrapped around the disk and a 2.0kg mass hangs from the free end. If the string does not slip then as the mass falls and the cylinder rotates the suspension holding the cylinder pulls up on the mass with a force of:
90. A small disk of radius R_{1} is mounted coaxially with a larger disk of radius R_{2}. The disks are securely fastened to each other and the combination is free to rotate on a fixed axle that is perpendicular to a horizontal frictionless table top, as shown in the overhead view below. The rotational inertia of the combination is I. A string is wrapped around the larger disk and attached to a block of mass m, on the table. Another string is wrapped around the smaller disk and is pulled with a force ? ^{F } as shown. The acceleration of the block is:
91. A small disk of radius R_{1} is fastened coaxially to a larger disk of radius R_{2}. The combination is free to rotate on a fixed axle, which is perpendicular to a horizontal frictionless table top, as shown in the overhead view below. The rotational inertia of the combination is I. A string is wrapped around the larger disk and attached to a block of mass m, on the table. Another string is wrapped around the smaller disk and is pulled with a force ? ^{F} as shown. The tension in the string pulling the block is:
92. A block is attached to each end of a rope that passes over a pulley suspended from the ceiling. The blocks do not have the same mass. If the rope does not slip on the pulley, then at any instant after the blocks start moving, the rope:
93. A disk with a rotational inertia of 5.0 kg?m^{2} and a radius of 0.25 m rotates on a fixed axis perpendicular to the disk and through its center. A force of 2.0 N is applied tangentially to the rim. As the disk turns through half a revolution the work done by the force is: A) 1.6 J
94. A circular saw is powered by a motor. When the saw is used to cut wood, the wood exerts a torque of 0.80 N?m on the saw blade. If the blade rotates with a constant angular velocity of 20 rad/s the work done on the blade by the motor in 1.0 min is:
95. A disk has a rotational inertia of 6.0 kg?m^{2} and a constant angular acceleration of 2.0 rad/s^{2}. If it starts from rest the work done during the first 5.0 s by the net torque acting on it is: A) 0 J
96. A disk starts from rest and rotates around a fixed axis, subject to a constant net torque. The work done by the torque during the second 5 s is ______ as the work done during the first 5 s. A) the same
97. A disk starts from rest and rotates about a fixed axis, subject to a constant net torque. The work done by the torque during the second revolution is ______ as the work done during the first revolution. A) the same
98. A torque of 170 N?m does 4700 J of work on a rotating flywheel. If the flywheel’s initial kinetic energy is 1500 J, what is its final kinetic energy?
99. A constant torque of 260 N?m acts on a flywheel. If the flywheel makes 25 complete revolutions, how much work has been done by the torque on the flywheel?
100. A constant torque of 260 N?m acts on a flywheel. If the flywheel makes 25 complete revolutions in 2 minutes, what is the power exerted by the torque?
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