What languages you write the server part of sites?

What languages are now writing the backend of the website? Know that use PHP, is there any other kind? And what are their pros and cons? Thanks for the reply.
July 9th 19 at 10:12
5 answers
July 9th 19 at 10:14
Easier to say than don't write.
Mass on php for virtual hosting with php full.
And so it is possible even in basic, probably (in CGI mode).
July 9th 19 at 10:16
java, Python, javascript. although you can write on anything, because the user ultimately receives the html, css and js.
July 9th 19 at 10:18
Here you go: What technology stack to choose in the backend? . The last similar theme
July 9th 19 at 10:20
Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Node.js, C# (ASP.NET), the Java has all the basic languages are interpreted, but if the server, not hosting, with CGI can be just about anything to write, so if performance is important, the individual parts or the entire back-end you can write C++, and assembler.
July 9th 19 at 10:22
Java/Scala, PHP, Go, Perl, JavaScript, C#, Ruby, Python, C/C++, Erlang is all believe.

Do not believe in it, so I will give links to evidence:
Lisp - proof: https://habrahabr.ru/post/262225/
Haskell - proof: https://habrahabr.ru/post/193722/

On the pluses-minuses - it is necessary to take and discuss.

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