Development in the electronics/circuitry. Is there an analogue of the diagram orientation in programming?

A few years ago I became interested in programming, but I didn't know where to go. So, my requests to the universe, I found this Pichu
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Later, when the University went the specialized courses, I wanted to understand what is in the field of electronics/circuitry, I mean the hardware.
But Hyde as with programming languages, I could not find. Nevertheless, the question is relevant now.

Enlighten me, who has such extensive information. Can be represented in this form, as if knows nothing, the teenager became interested in electronics. I mean in the tree view:
1. To learn how to solder
2. Then to understand the laws of electronics and physics
3. etc.

P. S. I wanted to do the same with nuts.
July 12th 19 at 17:12
4 answers
July 12th 19 at 17:14
Solution
1. To learn the basic electrical engineering course to understand where, how and when to flow currents
2. To learn basic course in passive and active electronic components
3. Choose the direction: either digital or analog equipment.
4. If analog, then learn to make radios, amplifiers, etc.
If the digital - pass a basic course of digital circuitry.
Parallel p. 4 learn to solder and learn normal software to design circuits and printed circuit boards (P-CAD, Altium designer, Eagle)

Tips to get Arduino I don't like, because without a basic consciousness of analog and digital circuitry is difficult for her to attach something more interesting than a couple of LEDs. You should at least understand what the difference is between a bipolar and a field effect transistor, how to use them and what is dangerous for the transistor relay and inductive loads in General.
Moreover, I personally allow the Assembly of products from Arduino, and lots of modules only in one case: it's layout. In this layout, I'll work out the hardware and software, then design your PCB and on the basis of the layout will assemble a beautiful and usable product. And the layout will be dismantled. Not to get out beyond the Arduino with a couple of modules and noodles of cables it's like to design machines of children's designer. It is possible, but is of little value.
July 12th 19 at 17:16
There is no tree. There are tasks that are necessary for making money (starting from as small trash type resoldering the usb familiar for penny pieces; or the means of production and comfortable working environment for himself and to achieve other personal goals) and who just want to decide because it is interesting (like conder to blow up). Depending on the specific task, choose equipment, books, tutorials, specific actions, other tools.

And your version with the comprehensive tree (and not even a tree, and a list - something you do not make the tree like the picture and the list) is fundamentally wrong, because it turns out crap, like your "learn to solder".
What is soldering? You can solder conder in the power supply or "master whale", you can solder the processors on the motherboard tablets, you can solder a leaky bucket, can the tubes in the refrigerator to solder, but someone may, and lines under tension can be anything to solder. Can I use the same tablet just to replace the connector, not the CPU.
The laws of physics, obviously, for all this aznye need to understand. Well, Yes, soldering without an understanding of technical process is useless, therefore, to make it in a separate paragraph of the type "sit pay and do not even dare to think, and then another law of physics which will discover" - all nonsense, no need to solder anything not necessary.
July 12th 19 at 17:18
Of course you can: amperka.ru/collection/kits
July 12th 19 at 17:20
There is a cool book Electronic toys Wojciechowski. Learn it to begin with. Then everything will become clearer.

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