Either the disc is dropped, I securables the surface, everything became one big bed. Out such factors. Still a little bit more time and he will cease to run.
Either the software is prehistoric and does not work with modern drives.
In any case, either forget about these "important data", or to wear to the office on the restoration, the most better not to touch. And Yes, even if the program does not write anything, is not the fact, that when the data does not get corrupted - it is possible mechanical damage\decompression with dust that will "clean" the surface fairly quickly and will not leave a chance for recovery...
If important information - screw to a specialist in recovering information until later. Where is the "clean room" certified equipment and years of experience.
And as rightly noted by the experts, in case of mechanical damage, your every action, even just the launch of a half dead screw, reduces the amount of information on the screw and the deadline for the rest of his life.
But back to the question, the information is not enough to draw conclusions that may not be the case with a screw.
BAD sector is not a "dead sector" in the literal sense. This sector, access to which, the information is read, a huge delay/no response. But the reasons for this phenomenon (especially in your case when 99% of faults) can be different, down to the banal damaged SATA cable or the old software that can not work with the new equipment (suspended).
By the way, the SMART report can shed light on what is happening there.
But if you are willing to take the risk, first consider the information in a way that is, sector-by-sector copy of the entire HDD (although in your case perhaps it will give nothing). If you're lucky, and the screw is not completely denied during this procedure, you will have almost all the contents of the screw, even if it is damaged. Then connecting/expanding the image (copy) of the virtual machine at will without the risk of trying to get the remaining information. Even in case of failure because of your actions with this or that software recovery, you can always make a new copy of the image and try again.
Actually I was in practice dropped the laptop and after a couple of hours, the screw was "pop", hung and the Windows stopped sure. I took out the screw, connected to a PC, and without any pre-checks first removed the image. Fortunately the screw gave all to count without any problems. When, after I decided just to look at the partition table and then do a surface test - the screw died completely, no longer responded to any command.
Well, from the image after you have already restored the file system, partitions, and copied the data. In my estimation the losses were slight, only a few dozen files.
Why I have not given into the hands of the experts? The client is not allowed, said it does not trust. I warned and explained that I most likely the data will not be able to recover, but I'll try. Probably just got lucky.