Why not come up with a decimal computer?

Just want to warn you not to write about the ones and zeroes, on./off. and so on.
Rather, the question is that it would be possible to store in memory ten States, instead of two. Accordingly, the memory access would be faster. Before, when everything was beginning maybe it would be difficult to implement technically. But now with the current processes is there no possibility to do this?
I'm not an engineer and not an electronics engineer, so maybe not quite correctly asked the question. But, nevertheless, the question arose.
September 19th 19 at 00:10
6 answers
September 19th 19 at 00:12
Solution
Worse noise immunity... or something. I'm not talking about their computers, and the methods of communication and storage of information. See, when you are transferring data are now two States - 1 and 0. Suppose that we transmit the data to electricity (not optical fiber, and the usual twisted pair). Roughly speaking, 0 is not the absence of voltage, this voltage is from 0 to 1 volt (the number of noodle). This covers measurement error, interference static and other spurious stuff. Accordingly from 1 to 5 volts is 1. Now in the case of the decimal scale is narrowing - 0 is from 0 to 0.5 volt, 1 - from 0.5 to 1, etc. Such a system would be less jamming and more demanding to the final measuring signal.

The transmission in this case is only an example. This all applies to storage and transmission in any form.
It is generally the last argument against 10-chnyh of computers. - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:15
This is one of the arguments. In addition, relatively clear-painted. - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:18
: what's the problem of the transmission? Why do you think that all transmitting a 0 - 1 volt then? What does decimal to transfer from 0-1 volts? Why do you think some sort of Huffman code will break to fix a broken signal? - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:21
If you want to generalize my answer, then: the more types of signals in the system, the harder it is to recognize each individual signal. It is easier to determine there is a signal or not, or to define the exact level of the signal? And read again the last two sentences. Signal transmission is just an example. If, for example HDD - how will you determine exactly what in the cell is recorded? - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:24
nothing does not bother me to pass it through 0 and 1 - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:27
and what's the point of 10-hexadecimal computer? Store, and transfer 10-the manual system. My argument is given not only to transfer data, read the last two sentences. - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:30
September 19th 19 at 00:14
The highest density of storage has a number system on the base of the natural logarithm the number e that is approximately equal to 2.71

This number is between two and three, but ternary logic to implement more than binary, though, because working in the linear mode, the transistor gives off far more heat than the running key.

Your idea that the memory access might be faster at least is not justified.
September 19th 19 at 00:16
How do you physically represent 10 of the States of a single transistor is open, closed, ajar, and so on or as you represent 10 of the States of magnetization of the disk, magnetized, slightly magnetized, magnetized even weaker ... when was the Trinity system, but refused because hemorrhoids. In General, on the physical level is more difficult to implement with the level transistor logic, which is now, and why? Decade only person more convenient due to the number of fingers, other advantages of the decimal system.
Well, something like that might do. Why not? Engineering can something like that come up?
To decimal logic, you need fewer characters.
Again I am not applying for something. Just gently ask the question. - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:19
: from the point of view of logic and iron the most convenient system is ternary. The same ternary logic is the most effective. Unfortunately, the circuitry for such systems is not present because it is more expensive and binary rules.

What is before the decimal - why not hexadecimal? How will you encode the signal levels 10 States? And how will you account for potential noise, etc.? That would achieve stability you will have to sacrifice performance and power consumption, increase voltage, etc. - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:22
: And you can proof on the transistor, which has 8 States? - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:25
Thanks, always good to learn something new. - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:28
September 19th 19 at 00:18
The opportunity is there, but why? And faster, it will not work. because the signal only two States there is no-0/1.
Speed. In a single cell to contain two States, and 10. Agree, there is a difference. And count in the decimal system is easier. - janis_Schneider commented on September 19th 19 at 00:21
: Engineers and electronics engineers in the HEX is considered convenient and in binary, there is a matter of perception. - Curtis.Prohas commented on September 19th 19 at 00:24
September 19th 19 at 00:20
Will be expensive and inefficient.
Ternary and analog computers did not catch on.

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BC%D...
September 19th 19 at 00:22
hmm, it's hard to imagine a system element, the element of the universe, who holds in ten States and they can instantly change. besides, you need to have this item you can practically implement on a technical stage of civilization - bicubic technology of neyrotekhnologii, p-n-transitions, subtomentosus particles and so on.... IMHO, it is not suitable. spin-electron - and he can only go in two directions, as well as p-n-transition (n-p-transition), Neurocomputers have the same bekoutou structure - like there are three States.... don't exactly remember, but something like that. but below 10 or so, quite difficult, and probably not why.

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