sigrid_Sporer16 answered on October 8th 19 at 00:34
A universal standard is not. For each of the selected subject areas sometimes have their own standards.
For example for medicine there is a standard of data exchange between servers (on the line indicated that it should transfer the SOAP), you specify a base set of functions that must be implemented by the system applying for Federal status, and the Ministry gives the wsdl Ki, in accordance with which should be formed requests and responses. About other areas, unfortunately, do not know.
Edwin59 answered on October 8th 19 at 00:36
Accustomed to use the terms "data structure" and "application architecture".
What it is, it is not clear from the question.
However, I suppose that neither one nor the other Standards no. Probably should use generally accepted design guidelines in data/apps. But if scope is specific, it is possible for a specific area will be TU (technical conditions).