Arduino Nano is not stitched, how to fix?

Arduino Nano is not stitched, it gives error. I was thinking to fill the loader.
In the hands of a Arduino UNO. Made him a programmer.
Connected to nano, but still can't recover.

There are also 2 of the usbasp programmer. Sinned at first, they say not working, purchased a 2nd, it also fails to flash.
Tried a bunch of prog.

Now it seems to me that the nano switched to external clocking. Ie need external crystal to attach. Did I understand correctly? Because all methods do not work and the chip is not visible.
Here, in the questions, I found a similar question and the answer was https://geektimes.ru/post/255342/ further discussion was not.
Apparently the man decided the question or scored on it.
March 12th 20 at 08:00
1 answer
March 12th 20 at 08:02
loader optiboot? your link seems all right, but a slightly different thing
ambush - in the IDE you first need to unzip the files attibute, according to their instructions, paths, and so forth.
https://github.com/Optiboot/optiboot
the programmer you have - UNO to flash him a sketch of the programmer - in the IDE.
connect, 1, freeduino.ru/arduino/isp.html
next, choose the right type of programmer - arduino as isp, ITP ports. speed while the default 19200.
then, from the IDE "burn bootloader" to work. Like all.

Then to sew directly in the CSS need to edit the config, add a copy of the section of nano+optibet,
with slightly different settings and speed
https://elchupanibrei.livejournal.com/32211.html

in 1,8,5 - C:\Program Files\Arduino\hardware\arduino\avr\boards
added this:
##############################################################
atmega328o.name=[Optiboot] --Arduino Duemilanove or Nano w/ ATmega328
atmega328o.upload.tool=arduino:avrdude
atmega328o.bootloader.tool=arduino:avrdude
atmega328o.upload.protocol=arduino
atmega328o.upload.maximum_size=32256
atmega328o.upload.speed=115200
atmega328o.bootloader.low_fuses=0xff
atmega328o.bootloader.high_fuses=0xde
atmega328o.bootloader.extended_fuses=0x05
atmega328o.bootloader.path=\optiboot
atmega328o.bootloader.file=\optiboot\optiboot_atmega328.hex
atmega328o.bootloader.unlock_bits=0x3F
atmega328o.bootloader.lock_bits=0x0F
atmega328o.build.mcu=atmega328p
atmega328o.build.f_cpu=16000000L
atmega328o.build.core=arduino:arduino
atmega328o.build.variant=arduino:standard
##############################################################

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