If there is an international Treaty on the protection on the territory of the Russian Federation the copyright of the nationals of the country whose citizen is the owner of the copyright to the original, and the translator did not agree with him the publication, that the translator may face charges of copyright infringement
. This is evidenced by the article 1270 of the civil code "Exclusive right to work":
2. The use of a work regardless of whether the relevant actions for the purpose of profit or without such purpose, it is considered, in particular:
9) translation or other processing works.
You decide to break the law or not to break.