What to pay attention to spreading the local network in the apartment?

All good.

The question is more for theoretical speculation.
To breed, to stretch, to set I can.

Canvas: sold apartment. Want to the repair stage to build a network. But now, with a bunch of gadgets and modern devices, both current and hypothetical future, things are not so rosy. Televisions and refrigerators, for example, say, ethernet has long been used...

Comrades, please distribute, in your opinion, what and in what quantities it is necessary to establish in a new housing, so that one day not to collide with the wiring on the floor/under ceiling? Whether to highlight the area with the router or is it overkill?

Perhaps there kulstori/bestpractice?
June 10th 19 at 14:31
6 answers
June 10th 19 at 14:33
Solution
This year doing repairs)
With a wardrobe you can bother if in addition the router something is, NAS for example large.

The wire should hold the line to the workplace. There is unfortunately necessary to know precisely the layout, and to think in advance about the relocation, I have the plinth sticks out a skein, which is enough to matter.

Wire to TV required, to the fridge no

If you are planning a smart home, slabotochka want to lay the baseboard or in the wall to the locations of the sensors and controllers.

Remember a router normally has 5 ports (Mikrotik 1100 not take into account his home rarely buys). Therefore, if the devices you have planned a wire more than 5, schedule a Gigabit switch into this scheme.
I take into account Mikrotik. I have in my living space are in one place hAp ac, in the other hAp.
But 1100? Home networks are so greedy? - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:36
for home is will come in 2011 or crs. If many ports you need, hap ac + simple switch on the required number of ports - tomasa_OConn commented on June 10th 19 at 14:39
Rather 3011. The price is the same, and gigabytes 10, not 5, as in 2011. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:42
I have Mikrotik, but simpler, who will have 6-7 ports can and must take 1100 and above. Not everyone can easily adjust ticks)) Although a bottle of something delicious and familiar, the administrator will solve this troblem. - Henry32 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:45
there is a chance of running into "don't take that shit, take ubiquiti". :) - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:48
, ubiquiti a little easier to set up) - Henry32 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:51
June 10th 19 at 14:35
Solution
The wires in the important places (workplace, extender\TV) lead the pairs. To keep the bending radius to the corrugation. In the future, you can leave it as a broach to add anything if necessary. Sometimes, instead of the buckle used PVC pipe, using them to pull better.

To bring it all into a corner where to put the router, NAS and the UPS. If you install the latter makes sense to think about fire safety (either in the box or put an automatic fire extinguisher).
The access point can be powered via POE. Either a strong in the center or a couple in the corners of the apartment, then 5GHz will work better.

From superficial flap is get a couple of cables, just in case. Replace if damaged \ connection second provider without physically disconnecting first if necessary. If desired, the input is provide through a tube in the wall, so that if necessary it was possible to stretch the optics or something else in the apartment without pounding the walls.

If you want you can use a patch panel, which facilitates a switching to the switch.
Either a strong in the center or a couple in the corners of the apartment, then 5GHz will work better.

If you do it wisely - preferably a centralized management point that they did not score each other, lived with one SSID and "passed" customers to each other as needed. Know how to do all kinds of cool junk, but they are quite expensive. For the house it is possible to do it on Mikrotik. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:38
June 10th 19 at 14:37
Decide the layout and placement of equipment and furniture in the apartment, hence we dance, what to plant where. Area for the router (and in the future switch, and NAS, as well as, perhaps, video-Registrar) schedule is adnaznachna. I brought all the wires into the closet and settled down in the corner on the shelf "server rack". There stood the UPS, server, Gigabit switch and router.

Once the Board is put on each point of connection for 2 cables. Otherwise it will be very sad when cable is laid in the wall, and all of a sudden damaged through some time after the start of operation. This is rare, but it happens.
Better to lay eight core. Even if the 1-4 wires is open, then 100 MB is enough for 4. And before laying the cement have to test it. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:40
Here the question is more global. I'm ten years lived on a removable, a computer and furniture was not interested in anything. That TV without ethernet is not a TV — only learned it this summer. I here this here plan. What you can usually forget/to zavtykat to pay attention that today is considered important?
Intercom, is there? The camera in the eye? There is also a twisted pair and the centralization, or not, for example? - tomasa_OConn commented on June 10th 19 at 14:43
in the intercom is usually just a couple (usually too sweet), she goes outside, but not noodles, and then the hall usually does not go away.
The camera in the eye - if you want to see the image not only next door - just to make the supply to the door. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:46
June 10th 19 at 14:39
"Whether to highlight the area with the router or is it overkill?"
Yes. put it in a Central location of the apartment was finished off Wi-Fi everywhere (pay attention to the configuration of walls between the router and the main places of the seat with the Wi-Fi was less walls).

I dislike fans flush - in our age there are many options of plastic baskets and baseboards, including decorative options that you can put the cable, so just take care about the possibility of breeding, and hidden to spend the minimum necessary. I have nothing hidden there, and I'm happy.
That's what prof-warp! When I was talking about the router — I forgot that in the home segment it directly wifi built in it and it should be considered. I thought the cable on the ceiling guide and access point to hang. Need peremeshivaete this question... - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:42
And boxes in the apartment I do not perceive. Here you have a wall, trim, painting don't know -- booyah — plastic box across the wall in the office boxes... - tomasa_OConn commented on June 10th 19 at 14:45
you just didn't see "vypendrezh" boxes, monograms as much gold or plaster moldings. It is not written - "YA, plastikowy". - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:48
besides boxes, there's the floor, there are boxes not square and semicircular, with texture
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But never will need to drill, to perforate and fix if something is wrong with the cable just removed, replaced, or added another one. Without repairs. - Henry32 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:51
The access point or the center of a powerful, or a couple with screwed power to the opposite corners of the apartment, if it is large and the walls are thick. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:54
, cheat high a transmitter power of neighbors to love scoring them nafig their signal. - Henry32 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:57
On the one hand , Yes, on the other - if the transmitter alone, and low levels of apartment does not cover, the convenience of the neighbors falling by the wayside.
But if you plan ahead, even in their best interests to make a few points in different places. And 5GHz will be better to cover then, with one point it is usually the corners are not very. - Adrienne81 commented on June 10th 19 at 15:00
Weak transmitter is mainly for the huge size of the apartment. Strong transmitter via 2 complete walls still unlikely to pass. Plus strong the signal is multiple reflected from the walls and interfere with itself. - Lucio commented on June 10th 19 at 15:03
June 10th 19 at 14:41
1) plan furniture
2) bring at least 2 of the 4 pairs of cable to the place (to at least get 4 100mbps link)
3) in every room I laid +2 4-pair cable in the corner of the room under surveillance + 2-band router (all powered via POE) to them it will be possible to connect the sensors
all the cables (about 20 tips for a flat ~60 meters) reduced to the loggia-server
The router in the corner of each room with the camera? Why such redundancy? - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:44
the need cameras everyone chooses to routers seamless roaming+low power - tomasa_OConn commented on June 10th 19 at 14:47
God, even and seamless roaming from multiple locations. O_O
Whether for the average inhabitant of the Toaster — penthouse, whether skis do not go. Otherwise, to understand tips for single apartment, which in my experience is used only in multi-storey buildings with a number of devices from 20-50...
No, I'm not making fun, I am perplexed. - Corbin.Vandervort31 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:50
, it's simple. Number of neighboring routers on 2.4 GHz - a huge, then you need to 5GHz....which, when the walls of reinforced concrete (socket, all the walls are load-bearing) to the next room dostraivat on ~72мегабитах that not ice. Without roaming-to switch between different points of disconnection - Henry32 commented on June 10th 19 at 14:53
June 10th 19 at 14:43
1. To allocate a place or to organize closet for network equipment. Area for the router too.
2. To organize 220V power supply, i.e., to bring the socket (preferably with a separate switch).
3. To stretch twisted pair and coaxial cable to each TV point, make cable into the entrance (if there will be a connection to the providers)
4. Stretching in the room twisted pair cable and install an Ethernet socket close to the socket 220V (stock for laptop/PC or a backup location of the router).

Outlet it is best to use the wall. They are easier to maintain and replace, and also mount. Near the entrance to the apartment is necessary to install at least one 220V outlet.

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