Which Linux distros to choose for your laptop?

This:
The laptop Corei3, 8 GB RAM, Drive under main Linux partition to 22gb
Left "vindovyh" SSD 40GB order for Home-partition of Linux + NTFS non-system partition with documents on 100GB.

Characteristics of iron:
Manufacturer ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC.
Model UX32VD
Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-3217U CPU @ 1.80 GHz, 1801 MHz, cores: 2, logical processors: 4
BIOS version American Megatrends Inc. UX32VD.214, 29.01.2013
Version SMBIOS 2.7
BIOS mode UEFI
Model main Board UX32VD
The Richoh printer SP150SU

After a small upgrade (SSD and windows 10 Pro) to the laptop remained restless built-in SSD on 22Гб.
I want to put Linux.

Usage scenario - home and a little bit of research:
surfing the web, instant messengers (viber, Skype, Telegram...), office suites, watching movies, youtube, torrents.

Which Linux distros to choose?

Not a housewife, can write scripts in Powershell, VBS, Bash, python
But I would like to do without assembling all the necessary source code and not to go crazy with package managers
April 19th 20 at 12:00
15 answers
April 19th 20 at 12:02
Solution
All, thanks for the tips.
Elaborate on the issues
Ubuntu, Fedora, Mint, OpenSuse:
1. Everywhere choose distrib line of LTS?
2. Where the recommended system requirements for the Linux distrib? It seems that marketers have time to rape and Linux users... For 30 minutes gugleniya yesterday found no such information.
3. The main programmes are placed on the system partition? Can pignuts that the system was working when you disconnect the ssd with Windows?
Remain the built-in 20GB SSD.
1. If you don't need the freshest of the program - naturally, it is not necessary to take experimental (non-LTS) distributions.
2. Your iron will suit any distro - it's not the voracious toy to put forward some requirements. For example, eat memory on this machine will mostly not system, it the GB will be at ease, but Chrome will eat more when you run, without a single tab.
3. Working not the first year the car is Xubuntu, which delivered significantly more programs than you need - all together takes less than 20 gig:
11G /usr
2.5 G /lib
Of 2.1 G /var
1,4 G /opt
474M /boot
- joshuah_Shields commented on April 19th 20 at 12:05
April 19th 20 at 12:04
Linux mint. With the shell mate or xfce.
All drivers included, all the software included
I agree, now switched to mint, but with cinnamon. Everything works out of the box. - darian_Mertz commented on April 19th 20 at 12:07
@darian_Mertz, cinnamon moymu not comfortable. well, he eats a lot, and so why not) - rowland_Ondricka37 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:10
April 19th 20 at 12:06
Ubuntu. Other historiska system will only add to the surprises.
April 19th 20 at 12:08
Rosa Fresh is good in terms of Russification packages + initially all set as for Housewives. If no time, put it, if you have time, then try KUbuntu or Manjaro KDE.
April 19th 20 at 12:10
kubuntu/ubuntu/xubuntu in General, any of a family of Ubuntu (different pre-DE choice) not because it is better but because kommuniti most and questions with answers in Google are more likely to be about her.

p.s. to be ready to problems with hardware, as manufacturers are doing their utmost to put spokes in the wheels of a competitor, namely the GPU and the periphery is not guaranteed that the usual. For example, switching discrete/integrated graphics card, or incorrect operation of the touchpad (or rather missing features manufacturer but are from kommuniti Linux), disabled Bluetooth, etc.
April 19th 20 at 12:12
On a laptop? No, of course, if not going a couple of days to waste.
And - Fedora.
Mobile Core i3, 8GB RAM and to 22gb primary partition.
It is not enough for modern distribu Linux?

Or I don't understand the answer? - Joanny_Quigl commented on April 19th 20 at 12:15
@Joanny_Quigl, there is not understood - Rowena commented on April 19th 20 at 12:18
@Joanny_Quigl, I mean poor support even for the desktop, not to mention laptops. - laila44 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:21
@sam_Lango,
Basically, all robot no problem!
And on desktops and even more so!

Repeat three times a day and in front of the mirror at night.
And old graphics card suddenly start to support, and under WiFi modules themselves will appear to drivers, and Linux will suddenly start to support 10% and once 100% of printers and hybrid video immediately work without crutches, and at full capacity, and ACPI will immediately cease to hang the system solid. Here it is, the power of suggestion! - laila44 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:24
@laila44, and where you saw it then or is it above you???!!!
Psychic?

The author did not say a word about pieces of iron their acre PERC, and here you have shortcuts and verdicts hung!
Calm down already... - sam_Lango commented on April 19th 20 at 12:27
@sam_Lango, do not respond to the Troll :) your emotions are for him food.
a toaster is an ideal place to eat fish and * sit down. - alanna commented on April 19th 20 at 12:30
@sam_Lango,
where did you see that he is or is it above you???!!!

I lost interest in this dialogue. Continue auditory training alone. - laila44 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:33
@laila44, Thank God!!! - sam_Lango commented on April 19th 20 at 12:36
@alanna,
do not respond to the Troll :)

He would be in the absence of normal soft to learn not to react. The nerve of some kind, apparently a bucket all night was compelaroma. - laila44 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:39
@laila44, nervous and loveless constructive criticism et, just you, just remove the comments who disagree with your nonsense people!

If you're not in the subject, and the stupid advice to give is not necessary, and just keep quiet, but you're the star shakes head Yes, "curator"?! - sam_Lango commented on April 19th 20 at 12:42
@sam_Lango,
you just remove the comments who disagree with your nonsense people!

Eco conceals you. You see, after apt-get upgrade Ubuntoo, as always, covered. - laila44 commented on April 19th 20 at 12:45
@laila44, yeah, yeah, yeah...
Burn given, "curator".
Weak, SSU, for people to read back to you for your stupid advice?
A star behind it?
Well, well... - sam_Lango commented on April 19th 20 at 12:48
April 19th 20 at 12:14
My personal top:
1. Debian
2. Mint
3. Kubuntu
All three are stable, have a good community, as we say, out-of-the-box setup is ready. Handles to do something only if there is something specific. From the environment suggest the shoes for a long time sat on there gnome and mate. Greedy dwarf. Mate is the best, but especially eyes are not happy. KDE - more beautiful and flexible, with the latest updates eats very little and a lot of native software.
Personally I use Debian with KDE.
April 19th 20 at 12:16
Ubuntu, Fedora, opensuse
April 19th 20 at 12:18
1. LTS just keep the servers working better than usual. Get a more modern set of software when the time comes all of this is easy to update.
2. Linux single core, the requirements are to the software and GUI. KDE, Gnome usually more productive systems, Lxde, Xfce for slower, eat less memory.
3. Programs when installed are placed on a primary partition. You can make a separate partition a folder, often make separate home folders /home and under the logs /var/log. If you really itch, mount the Windows partition for its files.
1. No. A more modern set of software actually required much less frequently than the stable operation of the set, which is now. Therefore, non-LTS usually has no basis other than wow-impulses.
2. No. Different distributions and versions - different version of the kernel. Resource consumption of the system and DE - negligibly compared to many modern programs.
3. No. The man asked about the situation when he's in the system will be only a single small SSD, it will have to push all the way up to /home. - joshuah_Shields commented on April 19th 20 at 12:21
April 19th 20 at 12:20
Fedora KDE at least problems with hardware and OS. rpm based.
99% of the tasks with the mouse.
Working NetworkManager and ModemManager.
Fresh soft without ancient bugs, Hello debianwiki with their Ubuntu :) (not holivara for the sake of really old packets, look at su, bloody bug with silent mode for many years not repaired)
April 19th 20 at 12:22
Xubuntu. All out of the box, I think it's in the middle, between the flexible and stable, debian and manjaro newfangled, though in different bases.
As a starting distribution for the study is better to take a debian netinstall+google. Everything in moderation, and just basic knowledge gives.
April 19th 20 at 12:24
Surprising and fiercely sincere indignation about the lack of system requirements. Now as the code is changed daily and that writing a detailed and current documentation becomes a truly daunting task, even for industry giants that produce commercial products. Therefore write only what is important and to keep a reasonable period. And that's obvious just from have nothing to do.
Instead of a half-hour gugleniya have some distrib to deliver.
For example Ubuntu LTS.
April 19th 20 at 12:26
12 years ago I switched to Linux, the first distro that lasted me almost 5 years was Ubuntu, then switched to Linux mint, which is now sitting, of DE in Ubuntu was gnome, the mint on cinammon started on weak hardware, then moved on to i3, AMD x4 now, in principle Linux can run on any hardware which has a CPU, even a weak option going. There is a matter of taste, need to be set and try. I have not yet decided on the first distro I've used 15 pieces, you can even put the puppy linux, it is generally installed in the RAM, its weight of about 200 meters.
April 19th 20 at 12:28
Rosa Kde4
Mint mate
April 19th 20 at 12:30
Will add my one penny:

openSUSE.

From the pros:
Good cook KDE.
One of the best package managers.
YaST in the beginning can help a lot.

Of the minuses:
Need to connect a third-party repository (packman). This is done in a couple of clicks through the same yast, but first they need to know.

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