How to start the system or at least copy files?

At system startup, gives error
[sdb] no caching mode page found
[sdb] assuming drive cache: write throgh

This is after he yesterday alarm went off, he pulls the charger from the laptop, and since the battery doesn't hold charge it immediately shut down, today, include such trouble.
Linux is a second system with Windows, which files Linux sees. how can I run Linux or at least to copy the files from it?
June 14th 19 at 19:13
2 answers
June 14th 19 at 19:15
At system startup, gives error
[sdb] no caching mode page found
[sdb] assuming drive cache: write throgh

Firstly, this is not critical error, I have Slaska the complains in dmesg when you connect and nothing.
Secondly, you write that you have a laptop, how many disks ? since the error for sdb and sda. Perhaps you have just inserted the flash drive during boot and the system swears.
how do I run Linux

little information provided, did at least pictures log download
don't know, critical or not, but I because of this the system does not start, log only these two lines, and below the blinking cursor for input.
The stick was not, and the disk on the laptop one. - Candido84 commented on June 14th 19 at 19:18
possible settings of the BIOS lost

Linux is a second system with Windows

the loader is what is used grub2 ? Windows I understand it booted up just fine ? - Brisa.OHara commented on June 14th 19 at 19:21
, , put Ubuntu 16.04, worked until I turned off the light, the laptop shut down and no longer wants off, before such was not, when he's so off always included normal, now is it so off it all...
Here is the error
Error reading block 12222968 (Attemt to read block from filesystem resulted in short read) while getting next inode from scan.
Is my hard drive is already served on the sly or what? When I start Linux from flash drive and its files accessible.
The grub2 boot loader, Windows starts normally.
----------------
This error was on the sd5, now tried to run it, it wrote error on sd0 and other sector respectively pressed space and Linux has started. - Candido84 commented on June 14th 19 at 19:24
I do not understand! sd0 does not happen, then the sector and the partition sector is the physical layout of the disk. You can boot into the flash drive in the terminal give: sudo fsck -f /dev/sd5
check and fix the file system on the partition sd5 - Kirk.Strosin commented on June 14th 19 at 19:27
I in the logs I saw the word sector, and because of it, and wrote, as well and sd0, where it was written, so I don't know, now everything works because the photograph can't the error log. - Candido84 commented on June 14th 19 at 19:30
June 14th 19 at 19:17
how can I run Linux or at least to copy the files from it?


USB flash drive --> Unetbootin --> install any Linux distro at will --> boot from "USB drive" through a choice in e BIOS or through boot menu if the disk is not dead --> to access files )

May need in the BIOS to disable Secure boot and move the boot in Legacy mode. Good luck )
I have recorded flash drive, now I have to, but when it looked like the files its when you run Linux from a flash drive, their like was not. I hope I'm wrong. - Candido84 commented on June 14th 19 at 19:20
if the disc is normal, the files must be ) - Brisa.OHara commented on June 14th 19 at 19:23

Find more questions by tags LinuxMint